USURJ: University of Saskatchewan Undergraduate Research Journal https://usurj.journals.usask.ca/ <p><em>USURJ</em>&nbsp;is an open access, peer-reviewed scholarly journal featuring original artwork and scholarly articles by University of Saskatchewan undergraduate students. <em>&nbsp;</em>All submissions are reviewed by established experts in a relevant field. The journal is supported by the Office of the VP, Research, the College of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies, and the University Library, including the Writing Centre.</p> en-US <p>The current Publication Agreement [as of Oct, 1, 2018] for articles and research snapshots applies a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (CC-BY-NC) by default. The author(s) can choose a different CC license, as outlined in&nbsp;<span style="color: #222222; font-family: 'Open Sans', 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: medium;"><a href="https://creativecommons.org/about/cclicenses/" target="_blank" rel="noopener" data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://creativecommons.org/about/cclicenses/&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1599846705017000&amp;usg=AFQjCNGwZTr5lE-MTC0VQUGqs9PcUAKciQ">https://creativecommons.<wbr>org/about/cclicenses/</a></span>. Please see the PDF for each article to determine what license is applied to that article. If there is no indication for articles published before September 2020, assume the author retains all rights beyond those necessary for publication by USURJ. All articles published after September 2020 will apply one of the aforementioned CC licenses. See the Publication Agreement under the Submission Preparation Checklist or Author Guidelines for more information.</p> usurj@usask.ca (Delane Just and Jordan Wellsch) USURJ@usask.ca (USURJ Support) Fri, 12 Feb 2021 10:43:51 -0600 OJS 3.1.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 The Historic and Contemporary Permanence of the Doctrine of Discovery in Canada https://usurj.journals.usask.ca/article/view/496 <p>In the Truth and Reconciliation’s Final Report, four of the 94 calls to action referred to the repudiation of concepts which have justified claims of European sovereignty while implicitly refuting claims that dismiss the legitimacy of Indigenous land ownership prior to European contact. This paper demonstrates how the concepts of <em>terra nullius </em>and the Doctrine of Discovery have prevented the recognition and affirmation of Indigenous peoples’ sovereignty in Canada historically and presently. This article will first introduce the concepts of the Doctrine of Discovery and <em>terra nullius</em> as religious constructs and demonstrate how these concepts became integrated into the colonial mentality of European countries by drawing from Andrew Crosby and Jeffery Monaghan’s concept of “settler governmentality.” These two concepts, in particular, justified the false pretensions of European countries to assume they could occupy, ‘discover’ and take the land from Indigenous peoples. By acknowledging Indigenous sovereignty is inherently connected to their relationship with the land, this article will conclude by analyzing the work of contemporary academics and reports that argue Indigenous laws cannot be adequately acknowledged under the current Canadian legislation.</p> Celine Rose Beaulieu ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://usurj.journals.usask.ca/article/view/496 Fri, 12 Feb 2021 12:56:14 -0600 A Positive Side of Violent Video Game Play https://usurj.journals.usask.ca/article/view/473 <p>The exploration of the potential link between aggression and violent video game play has been extended to violent video game play as a precursor to violent crime. If violent video game play does increase aggression in players, that does not translate into real-world violence or violent crime. There is no single criminogenic risk factor that <em>causes </em>someone to commit violent criminal acts, so the idea that violent video game play causes players to commit a crime, through desensitization or otherwise, is not plausible. Therefore, this paper discusses if violent video game play is a contributing factor for an individual to participate in violent crime. The conclusion is that violent video game play and violent crime exist in a negative correlation to one another. Crime data compared to video game sales, implying higher video game play rates, shows a decrease in property and violent crime in areas where violent video game play is increased. This outcome may be explained by more time spent in the home playing video games via Routine Activities Theory as well as the presence of a catharsis effect. Since violent video game play contributes to lower crime rates, this may produce lower social costs for society as well as a heightened feeling of safety in impacted areas. Future research in this area includes violent video game play and violent crime studies conducted with a broader range of participants with various demographics, as well as the long-term effects of violent video game play on players.</p> Shayla Batty ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://usurj.journals.usask.ca/article/view/473 Wed, 17 Feb 2021 08:58:03 -0600 “It Takes a Village”: Factors Related to Coping in Families Raising Children with Disabilities https://usurj.journals.usask.ca/article/view/414 <p>In this paper, the author argues that caregiver coping in raising children with disabilities extends to include not only the parents but the rest of the family system as well. Adjustment, social and emotional support, resiliency and adaptability, and flexibility are examined by the author as specific factors contributing to successful coping of parents, siblings, and grandparents in raising children with disabilities. A critical literature review by the author discusses the current state of knowledge in this area and explores themes of research in each of the categories described. The author discusses conflicting interpretations of prominent caregiver coping research by Mattingly and Ingstad, and concludes with a discussion of global perspectives on this issue and recommendations of further research to contribute to understandings of coping in family systems raising children with disabilities. Implications of this research relate to improving clinical practice, service provision, and public policy development on this topic.</p> Ellyn Byrns ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://usurj.journals.usask.ca/article/view/414 Tue, 23 Feb 2021 13:22:10 -0600 Louis Jullien https://usurj.journals.usask.ca/article/view/495 <p>Well known for his extravagant appearance, Louis Jullien (1812-1860), a prominent conductor in England, programmed concerts that were entertaining and accessible to the public. During the nineteenth century, conductors began to take responsibility for the artistic and musical direction of their concerts. Jullien’s concerts included dance, choral, and classical music to appeal to a variety of tastes. His theatricality on the podium and use of a baton captivated his audiences, while his distinctive conducting personality contributed to the visual appeal of the concert experience. Audience members and musical reviewers alike were attracted to the spectacular display at Jullien’s concerts.</p> <p>Through the examination of articles in the <em>Musical World</em>, the most important London-based music periodical published in Jullien’s time, and Romantic orchestral scholarship, this research investigates Louis Jullien’s role as a conducting figure. While Adam Carse has described the biographical accounts of Jullien’s life and Holly Mathieson has examined the artistic representations of Jullien and has interpreted his conducting as militaristic and magical, scholars have not yet examined the sublime in the reception of Jullien’s performance. Jullien’s virtuosic self presentation and performance behaviour inspired responses that drew upon the language of the sublime and influenced how he was received as a visionary figure. His status as a visionary was further developed by his innovations as a conductor.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Jillian McLeod ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://usurj.journals.usask.ca/article/view/495 Fri, 12 Feb 2021 10:44:35 -0600 Implementing Feminist Attitudes in the Inspired Minds Classroom to Help Reduce Recidivism https://usurj.journals.usask.ca/article/view/556 <p>Implementing feminist attitudes in the Inspired Minds classroom—or any classroom for that matter—creates a contested space for active learning where students are comfortable in expressing their ideas and emotions through discussions and writing assignments. Although data regarding recidivism rates are a work in progress in Canada, educational programs like Inspired Minds help participants experience self-expression, which may lead to positive outcomes as contributing members of society. Sharing this learning experience with the participants of Inspired Minds allows everyone involved in the process to partake in an educational journey and demonstrates to the inmates that anyone, regardless of writing experience, can benefit from creative writing.</p> Gabrielle Torres ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://usurj.journals.usask.ca/article/view/556 Mon, 15 Feb 2021 13:52:23 -0600 Interconnected https://usurj.journals.usask.ca/article/view/603 <p>Acrylic paint on cardboard ground.</p> Meerah . ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://usurj.journals.usask.ca/article/view/603 Sun, 07 Mar 2021 20:40:43 -0600 Cover Image: Raedon https://usurj.journals.usask.ca/article/view/604 <p><em>Raedon</em> is about insomnia during the pandemic in the middle of December. The colours represent nocturnal hours as if they were the dark blue night sky with the northern lights out. Every students’ class is moved to remote access. Stay home advisories are still in place with social distancing. This causes some complications as there is a lot of “free” time in the comfort of our home. For me, it’s painting until 5 or 6 am in the morning. Then waking up just in time for WebEx class meetings, workout, homework, game, paint – repeat.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p><em>Awakening</em> is about overcoming all the hardships the pandemic has brought. It is a part of my on-going series called The Void. The pandemic has shown me things I needed to deal with on a personal level. I hit rock bottom in my life and failed in so many ways during Covid-19. My life began to turn towards positive after fasting late summer of 2020. I’m fortunate to have a new perspective on my life and the future. I am grateful I get to finish my psychology degree and begin my Bachelor of Fine Arts. In other words,<em> Awakening</em> represents healing, strength and a clear focus for the future regardless of things going on outside of ourselves.</p> Brody Burns ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://usurj.journals.usask.ca/article/view/604 Mon, 08 Mar 2021 09:32:37 -0600